West Africa Countries: The African Continent is classified under four regions: North Africa, South Africa, East Africa and West Africa. Each region is made up of several countries that are well populated. Africans are generally referred to as ‘Blacks’.
West Africa is made up of 18 countries and a population of about 371,990,119. West Africa was mostly colonized by Great Britain and France. However, independence has swept through this region like wildfire. West Africa became liberated from British and French and finally had their autonomy in 1974.
List of 18 West Africa Countries
- Burkina Faso
- Cape Verde
- The Gambia
- Ivory Coast
- The Island of Saint Helena
- Sierra Leone
- Sao Tome and Principe
The countries are united by a common body known as the Economic Community of West African States. However 3 out of the 18 countries are not members of ECOWAS, they include Mauritania, The Island of Saint Helena and Sao Tome and Principe.
Areas in Which West African Countries are located
The West African countries can be located in 4 different areas which include: Guinea, Maghreb, Sahel, Atlantic Ocean, and South Atlantic Ocean. Countries that make up each area include:
Guinea Area: Ivory Coast, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leona, Sao Tome and Principe, and Togo.
Maghreb Area: this is co-inhabited by the West African groups like Fulani and Wolof, Arab-Berber Maghreb people and Soninke.
Sahel Area: Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, and Senegal.
The Atlantic Ocean: Cape Verde which is an Island nation
South Atlantic Ocean: The Island of Saint Helena.
The List of West African Countries, Their Capitals, and Current Presidents
West African nations have close boundaries connecting them but their differences in terms of language, cultural practices, and religious beliefs are significant. Christian and Islamic religions are the 2 major religious practices in West Africa. Each country is ruled by a President.
Tabulated below is a list of West African Countries, their Capitals, and Current Presidents:
|S/No.||West African Countries||Capitals||Current Presidents|
|1.||Benin (Republic of Benin)||Porto-Novo||President Patrice Talon|
|2.||Burkina Faso||Ouagadougou||President Roch Marc Christian Kabore|
|3.||Cape Verde||Praia||President Jorge carlos Fonseca|
|4.||The Gambia||Banjul||President Adam Barrow|
|5.||Ghana||Accra||President Nana Akufo-Addo|
|6.||Guinea||Conakry||President Alpha Conde|
|7.||Guinea-Bissau||Bissau||President Jose Mario Vaz|
|8.||Ivory Coast||Yamoussoukro||President Alassane Ouattara|
|9.||Liberia||Monrovia||President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf|
|10.||Mali||Bamako||President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita|
|11.||Mauritania||Nouakchott||President Muhamed Ould Abdel Aziz|
|12.||Niger||Niamey||President Mahamadu Issoufou|
|13.||Nigeria||Abuja||President Muhammadu Buhari|
|14.||The Island of Saint Helena||Georgetown||Governor Lisa Phillips|
|15.||Senegal||Darkar||President Macky Sall|
|16.||Sierra Leone||Freetown||President Ernest Bai Koroma|
|17.||Sao Tome and Principe||Sao Tome||President Manual Pinto da Costa|
|18.||Togo||Lome||President Faure Gnassingbe|